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Suplemento educativo


Por Estela González Torres
August 2015

Incluimos aquí el nuevo y último subtema del sistema de gobierno estadounidense. Recuerde que el examen es oral y consta de 10 de las 100 preguntas que estamos estudiando a través de La Voz este año. Tendrá que contestar un mínimode 6 sin olvidar decir el nombre del oficial de USCIS (U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services) que lo entreviste. Y si tiene 65 años o más y es residente legal permanente de EE.UU. desde hace 20 años o más, solo tiene que estudiar las preguntas marcadas con un asterisco (*). Si lo desea, hay mucha más información en:



C: Rights and Responsibilities


48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.


Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).

You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.

Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)

A male citizen of any race (can vote).


The 15th Amendment permits American men of all races to vote. The 19th Amendment gave women the right to vote. The 24th Amendment made poll taxes (voting fees) illegal. The 26th Amendment lowered the voting age from 21 to 18.


49.    What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*


serve on a jury

vote in a federal election


Two responsibilities of U.S. citizens are to serve on a jury and vote in federal elections. A jury is made up of U.S. citizens to ensure a fair trial. The law does not require citizens to vote, but voting is a very important part of any democracy.


50.    Name one right only for United States citizens.


vote in a federal election

run for federal office


51.    What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?


freedom of expression

freedom of speech

freedom of assembly

freedom to petition the government

freedom of worship

the right to bear arms


52.    What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?


the United States

the flag


The Pledge of Allegiance to the American flag states: “I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”


53.    What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?


give up loyalty to other countries

defend the Constitution and laws of the United States

obey the laws of the United States

serve in the U.S. military (if needed)

serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)

be loyal to the United States


54.    How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*


eighteen (18) and older


55.    What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?



join a political party

help with a campaign

join a civic group

join a community group

give an elected official your opinion on an issue

call Senators and Representatives

publicly support or oppose an issue or policy

run for office

write to a newspaper


56.    When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*


April 15


57.    When must all men register for the Selective Service?


At age eighteen (18)

between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)


All U.S. men between 18 and 26 years old must register with the Selective Service System to state that they are available to serve in the U.S. Armed Forces.


Vocabulario útil


Amendment    [améndment]   enmienda

bear arms         [ber arms]       portar armas

fair                   [fer]                 justo

give up            [gívap]             renunciar

issue                [íshu]               asunto

join a political party    [yóin a polítical party] afiliarse a un partido político

jury                  [yúry]               jurado

loyalty             [lóyalty]           lealtad

male                 [méil]               hombre

obey                [obéy]              obedecer

Pledge of Allegiance   [plédch of aliyánz]       Juramento de Lealtad

poll tax            [pol tax]           impuesto para poder votar

run for             [ran for]           postularse a, presentar a (un cargo político)

trial                  [tráial]             juicio

worship           [guórship]        culto

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