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 El Presidente Obama con su primer Gabinete, 2009.
 El Presidente Obama con su primer Gabinete, 2009.

Preguntas de educación cívica del examen para la naturalización, parte 3

Civics Questions for the US Naturalization Test - Part 3  

Por Estela González Torres
June 2015

El examen de educación cívica es oral y solo incluye 10 de las 100 preguntas de educación cívica. Para aprobar, debe contestar bien un mínimo de 6 preguntas, siempre seguidas del nombre del oficial de USCIS (U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services) que lo entreviste.    En esta tercera entrega, seguimos con el segundo subtema dentro del gobierno estadounidense, el sistema de gobierno. Terminaremos esta sección en el próximo número. Recuerde que si tiene 65 años o más y es residente legal permanente de EE.UU. desde hace 20 años o más, solo necesitará estudiar las preguntas marcadas con un asterisco (*).

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT

B: System of Government

25.      Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

  • (because of) the state’s population /(because) they have more people/ (because) some states have more people

In the House of Representatives, a state’s population determines the number of representatives it has. In this way, states with many people have a stronger voice in the House.

 

26.      We elect a President for how many years?

▪ four (4)

Early American leaders decided that the people would elect the president every four years.

 

27.       In what month do we vote for President?*

▪ November

In 1845, Congress passed legislation to designate a single day for all Americans to vote. It made Election Day the Tuesday after the first Monday in November.

 

28.      What is the name of the President of the United States now?*

▪ Barack Obama / Obama

Barack Obama is the 44th president of the United States. After winning the presidential election of 2008, he became the first African American president of the United States. He won a second term in 2012.

 

29.      What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

▪ Joseph R. Biden, Jr. / Joe Biden / Biden

 

30.      If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

▪ the Vice President

If the president dies, resigns, or cannot work while still in office, the vice president becomes president.

 

31.      If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

▪ the Speaker of the House

 

32.      Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

▪ the President

The Founding Fathers made the president the commander in chief because they did not want a professional military leader, but a civilian selected by the people.

 

33.      Who signs bills to become laws?

▪ the President

After debate in both houses of Congress, if a majority of both the Senate and House vote to pass the bill, it goes to the president. If the president wants the bill to become law, he signs it.

 

34.      Who vetoes bills?

▪ the President

If the president does not want the bill to become law, he vetoes it.

 

35.      What does the President’s Cabinet do?

▪ advises the President

The Constitution says that the leaders of the executive departments should advise the president. These department leaders, most of them called “secretaries,” make up the cabinet. The president nominates the cabinet members to be his advisors.

 

36.      What are two Cabinet-level positions?

▪ Secretary of Agriculture

▪ Secretary of Commerce

▪ Secretary of Defense

▪ Secretary of Education

▪ Secretary of Energy

▪ Secretary of Health and Human Services

▪ Secretary of Homeland Security

▪ Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

▪ Secretary of the Interior

▪ Secretary of Labor

▪ Secretary of State

▪ Secretary of Transportation

▪ Secretary of the Treasury

▪ Secretary of Veterans Affairs

▪ Attorney General

▪ Vice President

The people on the president’s cabinet are the vice president and the heads of the 15 executive departments.


Vocabulario útil

advise                  [adváis] aconsejar, dar consejos

Attorney General [atórni]   Procurador General, Fiscal General

become                [bicom]  volverse, convertirse en

bill                         [bill]       proyecto de ley

Cabinet                 [cábinet] el Gabinete (del Presidente, conformado por los ministros)

Commander in Chief [cómander in chif] Comandante en Jefe

civilian                   [sivílian] civil

development         [divélopment] desarrollo

early                      [érli] temprano

health                    [jélz] salud

Homeland Security [jómland seciuriti] Seguridad Nacional

labor                       [léibor] trabajo

law                          [lóo] ley

leader                      [líder] líder

no longer                 [no longuer] ya no

pass                         [pass] aprobar

population                [popiuleichon] población

resign                       [risáin] renunciar, dimitir

serve                        [serf] servir, cumplir funciones

sign                          [sáin] firmar

single                       [síngol] único, solo

stronger                   [strónguer] más fuerte

term                         [térm] término, periodo

The Military              [mílitri] Las Fuerzas Armadas

treasury                    [tréshori] Tesoro (Hacienda)

veto                          [vítou] vetar

voice                         [vóis] voz

 

For more study materials and information, please visit:

http://www.uscis.gov/citizenship/learners/study-test



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La Voz, Cultura y noticias hispanas del Valle de Hudson

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COPYRIGHT 2015
La Voz, Cultura y noticias hispanas del Valle de Hudson

 

Comments

Comentario: Hola ! Ayer presente mi examen de ciudadanía y lo pase. La ceremonia será el 24 de July .Estoy muy feliz !
Posted: 6/2/2015