Jueces integrantes de la Corte Suprema de los Estados Unidos
Jueces integrantes de la Corte Suprema de los Estados Unidos
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Civics (History and Government) Questions for the Naturalization Test - Part 4  

 Preguntas de educación cívica (historia y gobierno) del examen de ciudadanía. Parte 4

Por Estela González Torres
July 2015
 En este número terminamos el subtema sobre el sistema de gobierno, de la sección "Gobierno estadounidense". Recuerde que el examen de educación cívica es oral y solo contiene 10 de las 100 preguntas que vamos a estudiar este año a través de La Voz y que puede consultar, junto con mucha más información útil, en: http://www.uscis.gov/citizenship/learners/study-test

Para aprobar, es necesario contestar bien un mínimo de 6 preguntas. No olvide que siempre debe acompañar su respuesta del nombre del oficial de USCIS (U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services) que lo examine. Por último, si tiene 65 años o más y es residente legal permanente de EE.UU. desde hace 20 años o más, solo tiene que estudiar las preguntas marcadas con un asterisco (*).

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT

B: System of Government

37. What does the judicial branch do?

reviews laws

explains laws

resolves disputes (disagreements)

decides if a law goes against the Constitution

 

The Constitution established the judicial branch of government with the creation of the Supreme Court. The courts review and explain the laws, and they resolve disagreements about the meaning of the law. The U.S. Supreme Court makes sure that laws are consistent with the Constitution.

 

38.    What is the highest court in the United States?

the Supreme Court

 

The U.S. Supreme Court has complete authority over all federal courts.

 

39.    How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

nine (9)

 

The Constitution does not establish the number of justices on the Supreme Court. Nowadays, there are nine justices on the Supreme Court: eight associate justices and one chief justice.

 

40.    Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)

 

John G. Roberts, Jr. is the 17th chief justice of the United States since 2005.

 

41.    Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?

to print money

to declare war

to create an army

to make treaties

 

The Constitution gives the federal government the power to print money, declare war, create an army, and make treaties with other nations. Just name one.

 

42.    Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

 

provide schooling and education

provide protection (police)

provide safety (fire departments)

give a driver’s license

approve zoning and land use

 

Some powers of the state government are the power to provide schooling and education, protection and safety. As well as to issue driver’s licenses and to approve zoning and land use. Just name one.

 

43.    Who is the Governor of your state now?

Answers will vary. Check http://www.nga.org/cms/governors  to find out.

 

If you live in New York State, your answer is Gov. Andrew Cuomo.

 

44.    What is the capital of your state?*

Answers will vary. To learn the capital of your state or territory, go to http://www.50states.com/

 

The capital of New York State is Albany.

 

45.    What are the two major political parties in the United States?*

Democratic and Republican

 

The two major political parties in the United States today are the Democratic and Republican parties. The symbol of the Democratic Party is the donkey and that of the Republican party is the elephant.

 

46.    What is the political party of the President now?

Democratic (Party)

 

Barack Obama is a member of the Democratic Party.

 

47.    What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

(John) Boehner

The current speaker of the House of Representatives is John Boehner. He is second in line to the succession of the presidency after the vice president.

 

Vocabulario útil

against [águenst] (en) contra

army [érmi] ejército

Associate Justice [ásosieit yástis] Juez Asociado

Chief Justice [chif yástis] Juez Presidente (de la Corte Suprema de Justicia)

current [cárrent] actual

driver’s license [dráiver's láisens] licencia de conducir

explain [explein] explicar

find out [faind out] averiguar

issue [íshu] expedir, emitir

land use [land ius] uso de la tierra

print [print] imprimir

review [reviu] revisar, repasar

safety [séifti] seguridad

schooling [scúling] escolaridad (escuelas)

Supreme Court [Supríim Cort] Corte Suprema (Tribunal Supremo)

treaties [trítis] tratados

zoning [tsóning] zonificación (urbanismo)

 

Keep learning at http://bensguide.gpo.gov/

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