Civics (history and government) questions for the naturalization test - part 2 / Preguntas de educación cívica (historia y gobierno) delMay 2015
B: System of Government
13. Name one branch or part of the government.*
▪ the courts
The Constitution establishes three branches of government: legislative (Congress), executive (President), and judicial (The Courts).
14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
▪ checks and balances
▪ separation of powers
The separation of powers into three branches creates a system of checks and balances to prevent one branch of government from becoming too powerful.
15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?
▪ the President
The head of the executive branch is the president. The president is both the head of state and the head of government.
16. Who makes federal laws?
▪ Senate and House (of Representatives)
▪ (U.S. or national) legislature
Congress makes federal laws. Either side of Congress—the Senate or the House of Representatives—can propose a bill.
17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*
▪ the Senate and House (of Representatives)
Congress is divided into two parts—the Senate and the House of Representatives. Because it has two “chambers,” the U.S. Congress is known as a “bicameral” legislature.
18. How many U.S. Senators are there?
▪ one hundred (100)
There are 100 senators in Congress, two from each state. All states have equal power in the Senate.
19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
▪ six (6)
U.S. senators are elected for 6 years.
20. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?*
▪ Kirsten Gillibrand
▪ Chuck Schumer
21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
▪ four hundred thirty-five (435)
The House of Representatives is the larger chamber of Congress. Since 1912, the House of Representatives has had 435 voting members.
22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
▪ two (2)
All representatives are up for election every 2 years.
23. Name your U.S. Representative.
▪ Answers will vary. Find your representative (just enter your ZIP code) at http://www.house.gov/representatives/find/
24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
▪ all people of the state
Senators are elected to serve the people of their state for six years.
bicameral [baikemeral] bicameral (legislatura con dos cámaras)
branch/es [bránch/es] rama/s
chambers [cheimbers] cámaras
checks and balances [checs an bálanses] equilibrio de poderes
elected [ílectid] electo, elegido
election [ilékchion] elección
establish [estáblish] fundar, crear; establecer
executive [exsécutiv] ejecutivo
head [jéd] cabeza, jefe
House of Representatives [jáus of represéntativs] Cámara de Representantes
judicial [yúdishal] judicial
law [lóo] ley
legislative [léyislativ] legislativo (elaboración de leyes)
powers [págüers] poderes
prevent [prívent] evitar, impedir
the courts [da córts] las cortes (tribunales)
voting members [vóurin mémbers] miembros votantes
For more study materials and information, please visit http://www.uscis.gov/citizenship/learners/study-test/study-materials-civics-test
GRATIS. Clases de preparación para el examen de ciudanía en Newburgh
1) Newburgh Armory Unity Center, 321 S. William St., Newburgh
Martes de 6 a 8pm, del 5 de mayo al 30 de junio
Llame al 845-565-4812 para inscribirse.
2) Para estudiantes de inglés de Orange-Ulster BOCES
Las clases de inglés también son gratuitas y hay muchos lugares donde tomarlas
Viernes, de 10 a 11:30 am en 39 West St, Newburgh
Llame al 845-562-4736 o al 845-304-7442 para más información o para inscribirse.
La Voz, Cultura y noticias hispanas del Valle de Hudson
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