Civics (History and Government) Questions for the Naturalization Test - Part 4
Preguntas de educación cívica (historia y gobierno) del examen de ciudadanía. Parte 4July 2015
Para aprobar, es necesario contestar bien un mínimo de 6 preguntas. No olvide que siempre debe acompañar su respuesta del nombre del oficial de USCIS (U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services) que lo examine. Por último, si tiene 65 años o más y es residente legal permanente de EE.UU. desde hace 20 años o más, solo tiene que estudiar las preguntas marcadas con un asterisco (*).
B: System of Government
37. What does the judicial branch do?
▪ reviews laws
▪ explains laws
▪ resolves disputes (disagreements)
▪ decides if a law goes against the Constitution
The Constitution established the judicial branch of government with the creation of the Supreme Court. The courts review and explain the laws, and they resolve disagreements about the meaning of the law. The U.S. Supreme Court makes sure that laws are consistent with the Constitution.
38. What is the highest court in the United States?
▪ the Supreme Court
The U.S. Supreme Court has complete authority over all federal courts.
39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
▪ nine (9)
The Constitution does not establish the number of justices on the Supreme Court. Nowadays, there are nine justices on the Supreme Court: eight associate justices and one chief justice.
40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?
▪ John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)
John G. Roberts, Jr. is the 17th chief justice of the United States since 2005.
41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?
▪ to print money
▪ to declare war
▪ to create an army
▪ to make treaties
The Constitution gives the federal government the power to print money, declare war, create an army, and make treaties with other nations. Just name one.
42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?
▪ provide schooling and education
▪ provide protection (police)
▪ provide safety (fire departments)
▪ give a driver’s license
▪ approve zoning and land use
Some powers of the state government are the power to provide schooling and education, protection and safety. As well as to issue driver’s licenses and to approve zoning and land use. Just name one.
43. Who is the Governor of your state now?
▪ Answers will vary. Check http://www.nga.org/cms/governors to find out.
If you live in New York State, your answer is Gov. Andrew Cuomo.
44. What is the capital of your state?*
▪ Answers will vary. To learn the capital of your state or territory, go to http://www.50states.com/
The capital of New York State is Albany.
45. What are the two major political parties in the United States?*
▪ Democratic and Republican
The two major political parties in the United States today are the Democratic and Republican parties. The symbol of the Democratic Party is the donkey and that of the Republican party is the elephant.
46. What is the political party of the President now?
▪ Democratic (Party)
Barack Obama is a member of the Democratic Party.
47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
▪ (John) Boehner
The current speaker of the House of Representatives is John Boehner. He is second in line to the succession of the presidency after the vice president.
against [águenst] (en) contra
army [érmi] ejército
Associate Justice [ásosieit yástis] Juez Asociado
Chief Justice [chif yástis] Juez Presidente (de la Corte Suprema de Justicia)
current [cárrent] actual
driver’s license [dráiver's láisens] licencia de conducir
explain [explein] explicar
find out [faind out] averiguar
issue [íshu] expedir, emitir
land use [land ius] uso de la tierra
print [print] imprimir
review [reviu] revisar, repasar
safety [séifti] seguridad
schooling [scúling] escolaridad (escuelas)
Supreme Court [Supríim Cort] Corte Suprema (Tribunal Supremo)
treaties [trítis] tratados
zoning [tsóning] zonificación (urbanismo)
Keep learning at http://bensguide.gpo.gov/
La Voz, Cultura y noticias hispanas del Valle de Hudson
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